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Ethical Guidelines

Ethical Guidelines for Publication

PublishAtCJ.com is an Online Editorial Management System; managing manuscript submission and reviewing system for scholarly journals published or managed by CONNECT JOURNALS.  It enables the production process and processing of submission fees & ad hoc charges. The facilities are extended to other publishers also, who wish to do their editorial process through this platform.

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and embody the scientific method.  The publishing process involves Authors, Editors, and Reviewers as Users of this Online Editorial Management System.  Each one of them plays an important role with a defined responsibility to meet ethical standards at each stage of their involvement during the finalization process of the paper. 

The Editors and the publishers of the journal, take its duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing extremely seriously and they recognize the ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial income has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.

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Ethical expectations

Authors' responsibilities: Authors submit manuscript and supporting files, as well as act on revision requests.

·         An accurate declaration of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance must be presented by the authors. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. False or knowingly inaccurate explanations constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

·         Authors may be asked to provide the data in connection with the paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data, if applicable, and should in any event be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication. 

·         The authors must submit purely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms and all its forms constitute unethical publishing behavior and are unacceptable. 

·         Manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal must not be submitted by the Authors. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.  In general, the authors should not submit for consideration in another journal a previously published paper.

·         Proper acknowledgment of the study of others must be stated.

·         Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the work. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research, they should be acknowledged as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate coauthors and contributors are included on the paper, and that all coauthors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication. 

·         It should be disclosed in the manuscript for any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. 

·         On discovering of a significant error or mistake in the published paper, it is the authors’ obligation to promptly inform the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.


Reviewers' responsibilities: Reviewers are invited to work on manuscripts.  They can send comments to accept or reject assignments; and flag their own availability.  All review tasks are managed from their individual User-Panel in the system.

·         Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions.  Through the editorial communications with the author, the paper may be further improved.  Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication, and forms the basis of the scientific method. 

·         If a selected referee feels unqualified to review the study reported in a manuscript or know that its prompt review will be impossible should inform the editor and excuse themselves from the review process.  If a qualified referee feels that he would not be able to deliver the report within the stipulated time frame, then also he must inform the editors immediately, so that further review time is utilized appropriately.

·         Any manuscripts received for review process must be accepted as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.

·         The reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting evidence. 

·         The reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statements about observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. The reviewers should also inform the editor for any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge. 

·         Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in the reviewer’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. The reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

 

Managing / Chief Editors' responsibilities: Managing / Chief Editors use the system to review manuscript submissions. They further assign it to reviewers and other editors.  They make and communicate decisions to accept, revise, transfer or reject manuscripts.

·         The editor of a peer-reviewed journal is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers must always drive such decisions. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or referees in making this decision. 

·         The editor should examine the content of manuscripts without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. 

·         The editor must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. 

·         Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own study without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through submission process must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. 
The editors should recuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers. 

·         The editors should request all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other interventions should be taken like the retraction of a publication or expression of concern. 

·         It should be ensured that the peer-review process for sponsored supplements is the same as that used for the main journal. Items in sponsored supplements should be accepted solely on the basis of academic merit and interest to readers and not be influenced by commercial considerations. 

·         The editor should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper. These measures will usually include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies. If the complaint is upheld, the publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or another note, as may be appropriate. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior must be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication.

 

These guidelines are prepared based on the Committee on Publication Ethics’ (COPE) Best Practice and Guidance.

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